This article is part of the Syndromic Surveillance and Covid-19 collection on Thoughtfaucet.

In the process of developing the NYC Emergency Dept Load graph I gathered and read a variety of resources. Some of these are for specialist audiences and others are for more general audiences. This page is an annotated bibliography of the medical journal articles, Twitter threads, and news reports related to the project.

Scientific research, projects, articles
Published and pre-print scientific work related to syndromic surveillance, Covid-19, emergency medicine, and related topics.
First cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in France: surveillance, investigations and control measures, January 2020.” Euro Surveill, ():1-7. .
A study and discussion of the first three cases of Covid-19 in France. This article outlines a standard detection and contact tracing method as employed in France at the time of the Coronavirus outbreak.
expert audience, study, process, medical authorities, covid-19, SARS-CoV-2
Self-reported fever and measured temperature in emergency department records used for syndromic surveillance.” Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 19, no. 5, ():775-776. .
Discussion of the relationship between patient-reported fever and measured temperature along with availability of measured data in emergency department visits.
syndromic surveillance, medical practice, emergency department, implementation
The Incubation Period of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) From Publicly Reported Confirmed Cases: Estimation and Application.” Annals of Internal Medicine, (). .
Study of 181 cases, some in China and some outside China, to estimate the incubation period and window of symptom onset of Covid-19
research, covid-19, symptom onset, incubation period
Looking for evidence of a high burden of COVID-19 in the United States from influenza-like illness data.” Reichlab UMass-Amherst,, (). .
A study of publicly available data from a variety of health providers on Influenza-like Illness (ILI), all age groups, to see if non-influenza ILI is making a larger portion of ILI visits vs the same time previous years. Data is updated regularly. Key graph shows current Covid-19 era alongside historical and the 2009/10 H1N1 flu for comparison
expert audience, study, data, medical authorities, influenza-like illness, ILI, covid-19, SARS-CoV-2, h1n1
COVID-19 watch USA: NY, WA, CA, & other states.” Medium, (). .
A computational neuroscientist compares data from WA, NY, and CA to see what there is to watch containment strategies and outcomes.
general audience, data, comparisons
Estimates of the severity of coronavirus disease 2019: a model-based analysis.” The Lancet Infectious Diseases, ():1-9. .
Study of 24 Covid-19 deaths in China and 118 recoveries outside China to estimate the incubation period and window of symptom onset to death or recovery as well as case fatality ratio.
research, covid-19, symptoms to death, symptoms to recovery, case fatality ratio
NYC ED syndromic surveillance.” Weinberger Lab Yale School of Public Health, (). .
An interactive tool to view EpiQuery data with graphs for each age bucket and pull-downs to select ILI or Resp(iratory illness) and specific borough. Compare this year against a model adjusting for seasonality, influenza activity, and RSV activity.
data tool, medical authorities, influenza-like illness, ILI, respiratory illness
Using ExcessILI with US P&I mortality data.” Weinberger Lab Yale School of Public Health, (). .
Plots of weekly death rates, observed/expected deaths, excess pneumonia/ILI mortality for each state plus NYC. Built using data from the CDC.
data tool, research, influenza-like illness, ILI, excess mortality
Characteristics of and Important Lessons From the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Outbreak in China: Summary of a Report of 72?314 Cases From the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention.” JAMA, (). .
Data re: the Wuhan outbreak. A clear display of the lag-time between true cases and confirmed cases. Also it shows the relationship between measures taken to “flatten the curve” and outcomes. Additional statistics on case fatality rates and other characteristics of Covid-19.
expert audience, study, data, medical authorities, Wuhan, covid-19
First person accounts and on-site journalism
Working in emergency departments and encounters with the medical system during Covid-19
‘Code Blue’: A Brooklyn I.C.U. Fights for Each Life in a Coronavirus Surge.” New York Times, . .
A story following a critical care doctor through his work at the Brooklyn Hospital Center during the peak of the Covid-19 intake of late March/early April 2020.
general audience, journalism, covid 19, emergency department, ethnography
The wait is endless. Supplies are gone. My New York hospital is on the brink.” The Washington Post, . .
A second-year emergency medicine resident discusses the situation in his hospital.
general audience, NYC emergency department, ER burden, ethnography
Inside a Brooklyn hospital that is overwhelmed with Covid-19 patients and deaths CNN, . .
A second-year emergency medicine resident discusses the situation in his hospital.
general audience, NYC emergency department, ER burden, ethnography
(@KiraNewmanMDPhD). “After a week of working in the #ICU here in #Seattle caring for patients with #COVID19 (and other illnesses), here are some thoughts.” Twitter, . .
A thread of practical lessons learned and general observations from a Seattle ICU doctor.
general audience, emergency medicine, coronavirus testing, patterns of care
‘I Am Dreading My Next Shift’: An NYC E.R. Doctor Speaks Out About The Escalating Coronavirus Crisis.” Gothamist, . .
An anonymous interview with an ER Doctor about conditions in NYC emergency departments as of March 13, 2020.
general audience, interview, NYC emergency department, ER burden, ethnography
‘Dead on Arrival’: A N.Y. Fire Chief’s COVID Journal.” ProPublica, . .
An FDNY Chief writes about the nature of his job during Bedford-Stuyvesant during the Covid-19 outbreak of March/April 2020.
general audience, journal, NYC emergency department, fire department, first person, ethnography
(@ASlavitt). “Spent the day talking to hospitals at ground 0. Learned about new problems that will emerge everywhere..” Twitter, . .
Twitter thread on what is needed at hospitals in NYC in the midst of fighting Covid-19 with an eye on logistics and personnel.
general audience, covid-19, medical system operations
. “‘People Are Dying’: 72 Hours Inside a N.Y.C. Hospital Battling Coronavirus.” New York Times, . .
Video report from Elmhurst Hospital’s emergency department.
general audience, news report, covid 19, resourcing, video, emergency department, ethnography
Context and commentary
Discussions of contextual issues surrounding syndromic surveillance, the operations of a medical system, and Covid-19
(@BhadeliaMD). “Just to break down some #COVID19 issues for those not working in a hospital. First: even if the number of cases in many major US cities are in the 100s (not yet 1000s), hospitals and clinics in those cities are already becoming very busy and stretched. Why is this? [THREAD].” Twitter, . .
A thread on the load put on emergency departments when testing isn’t available during a pandemic.
general audience, medical authorities, emergency services, workflow
(@NAChristakis). “Flu pandemics recur reliably but unpredictably every decade or so, and their extent and intensity varies.” Twitter, . .
A thread on seasonal flu patterns. Focused on the 1957 Flu.
general audience, 1957 Flu, flu patterns
These ‘disease hunters’ developed a novel technique for tracking pandemics after 9/11, but lost funding right before COVID-19.” CNBC, . .
History of the development of syndromic surveillance while highlighting the relevance of the technique to the challenges posed by the US administration’s response to Covid-19.
general audience, journalism, covid 19, syndromic surveillance, history, bioterrorism
How much is coronavirus spreading under the radar?.” Nature, . .
Discussion with experts at WHO, USA CDC, and Wellcome re: estimating amount of spread of the coronavirus which causes Covid-19.
general audience, interview, medical authorities, WHO, Wellcome, USA CDC, spread estimate methods, containment, covid-19, coronavirus
‘Vital and urgent’: Inside New York City’s difficult quest to obtain coronavirus testing kits.” USAToday, . .
A rundown of the challenges and failures of the US government to provide adequate Covid-19 testing supplies and protocols to the NYC. These breakdowns has lead to an increased value for syndromic surveillance within the medical system.
general audience, journalism, covid 19, syndromic surveillance, logistics, US government
(@Farzad_MD). “1/ Reading this history of syndromic surveillance from @chrissyfarr brought back a lot of memories.” Twitter, . .
A thread on the origins of contemporary syndromic surveillance in the US.
general audience, syndromic surveillance, history, policy, CDC
(@vivek_murthy). “Yesterday, I spoke with doctors from one of the nation’s leading academic hospitals located in a state where #COVID19 cases are increasing quickly. This is what they told me: They’ve been seeing *many* patients with symptoms concerning for COVID19 who need testing.” Twitter, . .
Former Surgeon General Murthy describing needs of medical systems based on conversation with people who run leading health care systems.
general audience, medical authorities, health institution needs, medical supplies
Data insight: Syndromic surveillance should be explored as an early signal for COVID-19.” COVID-19 Weekly Science Review March 28–April 3, 2020, Accessed . .
Newsletter featuring, among other Covid-19 topics, an overview of syndromic surveillance including the same EpiQuery data used for the charts in this project.
general audience, covid 19, syndromic surveillance, history
(@cmyeaton). “I’ve been working with @reichlab and colleagues weekly to assess whether levels of ‘influenza like illness’ that are NOT due to influenza are higher than usual in the US.” Twitter, . .
Brief Twitter thread providing context of the primary chart in the Reich et al study.
general audience, chart, medical authorities, influenza-like illness, ILI, covid-19

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